John Muir: chronology and legacy

This timeline summarises significant events in John Muir's life and his legacy.

1838 21 April: John Muir born in Dunbar, Scotland.

1841 Begins school.

1849 Immigration to Wisconsin at the age of 11.

1860 Leaves home (22 years old) to exhibit his inventions at the State Agriculture Fair in Madison, Wisconsin.

1861–62 Attends University of Wisconsin.

1867 Eye injury; begins 1,000-mile walk to Florida and then to Cuba.

1868 Falls in love with the Sierras and Yosemite. After all his travels, John Muir makes Yosemite his home; begins exploration for signs of glaciers.

1872 Begins to publish articles in leading magazines and becomes a writer.

1874 Begins his tree-saving campaign and puts forward his glaciation theory for the formation of the Yosemite Valley.

1879–90 Goes on many expeditions to Alaska.

1880 14 April: John marries Louie Wanda Strentzel. They have two daughters and settle at their ranch.

1890 Because of his many articles he begins the movement on wilderness conservation; Yosemite is established as a national park.

1892 Helps to create the Sierra Club and is the president until his death.

1893 Begins a European trip.

1901 The book Our National Parks by John Muir is published.

1903 20 July: President Roosevelt journeys to visit Yosemite. He spends his time there with John Muir, camping, hiking and riding horseback.

1903–05 John’s world tour.

1907–13 He fights to save Hetch Hetchy Valley; many of John’s books are published.

1911–12 John goes on trips to South America and Africa (73 years old).

1914 24 December: John Muir dies of pneumonia in a Los Angeles hospital.

1919 Due to his activism during his life The Grand Canyon National Park is eventually established.

1976 John Muir Country Park designated at Dunbar, Scotland.

1981 John Muir House, Birthplace Museum opens in Dunbar, Scotland.

1983 John Muir Trust is founded in Scotland to conserve wild land.

1987 John Muir Trust purchases Li and Coire Dhorrcail in Knoydart.

1991 John Muir Trust purchases Torrin, Isle of Skye.

1993 John Muir Trust purchases Sandwood Bay, Sutherland.

1997 John Muir Award launched by Minister for the Environment.

1999 John Muir Trust purchases Schiehallion.

2000 John Muir Trust purchases Ben Nevis.

Source: John Muir National Historic Site (this will open in a new window)and John Muir Trust(this will open in a new window).